FOLK AND TRIBAL ART MUSEUM | Select | Places | Techfunky.com

The State Government has created this research institute for the purpose of collecting information on Anthrography and Anthropology of the adivasis in Maharashtra, thereby helping research in their economic and social conditions and for promotion of tribal development projects set up by the government, to train officials engaged in the implementation of projects, to undertake trial projects at times and to make Adivasis and the general public more aware of the government programmes for the benefit of tribals.  As a part of these efforts, the Institute has established this museum

  1. Domestic utensils
  2. Ornaments and articles of personal decoration
  3. Musical Instruments
  4. Gods and Goddesses
  5. House Patterns
  6. Environment and Ecology
  7. Agriculture and Implements
  8. Nets and Traps
  9. Weapons and Implements
  10. Wood Carving - Tobacco Cases, Combs, Marriage Poles
  11. Masks
  12. Traditional Paintings

The museum has taken care to give pride of place to most of the tribal groups from the Sahyadri and the Gondwana regions.  The Museum presents a vivid picture of diverse and colourful tribal cultures.

ART
Nature has played a big part in inspiring the tribal craftsmen to reproduce its many facets.  We find an earthy glowing vigour of elemental colours, and pre-eminently indigenous ornaments, complementing the delicate refined classic models with their synthesis of multi-cultural art forms and designs.  Tribal art is original in nature.  It is the truest sense an impression of the mind of the artist.  The museum provides a glorious show of different aspects of tribal Warli art.
HOUSES

A Variety of house-types are found amongst the different tribal groups.  In the museum are pictorial representation of different types of houses.

TRIBAL DEITIES

The museum presents the important Gods and goddesses such as Waghyadeo, Himay, Bhutnicheda, Hirva, Pandhurmata of the Western Ghats and Badadev, Bahiram, Dulardev, Muthwa, Mata and Mariyam of Godwana.

MASKS

Tribal love for music and dance is unique.  It forms a major part of their recreation.  'Bhavada' in the Sahyadri region, 'Bhangorya' of the Bhills and 'Dhemsa-Dandar' of the Gondwana tribes are the special dance forms in which various masks are used.

ORNAMENTS AND PERSONAL DECORATION
The tribals decorate their bodies with ornaments, tattooing-marks, bead-strings and other articles.  Men and women are extremely fond of ornaments.  Their ornaments are rich in natural and geometrical designs and are original in design, mechanism and shape.  The traditional 'Watankar' i.e. gold-smith prepares the ornaments for these people.

IMPLEMENTS

Among all the tribal groups, the plough-share, the sickle and the wooden plough are the most common agricultural implements.  Other implements include Khurpi, Sabbal, etc.  Bow and arrow and other hunting implements are interesting specimens.

TRIBAL MARKET

The museum provides and opportunity to know the tribal people, their environment and ecology through effective visual aids, namely 'Tribal Market' - a tableau.  The theme is presented through eleven life-size plaster models of tribals.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Music and dance play an important role in tribal life.  Musical instruments are prepared by them in their traditional manner.  Kahali,  Zangali and Dev Dobru indicate primitive forms, whereas Dholaki and Manjiras give indication of the influence of other people.  The musical instruments are prepared by locally available material such as bamboo, gourd, wood, palm-leaf, hide-skin and horns of dead animals.

HOUSEHOLDS

The collection of the various objects displayed in this section provide vivid visual picture of tribal material, their life-styles and needs.  Objects exhibited in the museum are still used by tribal people.  Tribal utensils are of a simple nature.  Earth, wood and pumpkins are used for preparing the utensils.  A special jar 'Yetya Bokya', woven by bamboo strips is unique in example.  For kneading the dough they use a wooden plate known as Kothal.  Baskets of different sizes and shapes, winnowing fans, etc. are also commonly used by them.

This Article is Posted on 23 Apr 2015 in Travel Section and Places